The average cost of diesel spiked to $1.55 per gallon.  11,500 carriers went out of business from 2001 to 2003.


New hours of service went into effect on January 4, 2004.  Drivers were allowed 11 hours of driving time within a 14-hour period and required 10 hours of rest.  The 34-hour restart was introduced.

Summary of changes to the hours of service
Year EnforcedDriving HoursOn-Duty HoursOff-Duty HoursMinimum Duty Cycle

Diesel fuel hit a record of $2.04 per gallon.


The FMCSA nearly eliminated the sleeper berth provision.  Drivers were now required to take a full 8-hour rest and  2-hour off-duty periods during every 10-hours on duty.

Diesel fuel reached $2.402 per gallon.  

“Heightened security concerns following 9/11 prompted the U.S. DOT to institute 49 CFR Part 172 regarding these upgraded requirements for CDLs.  Fingerprinting of HazMat-endorsed drivers was implemented in the U.S. in 2005, and is expected to deter drivers from renewing their certification.Turnover among drivers remains very high,” the IRS stated.

Driver turnover reached 40%.

Trucks Stopped

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